in Stories

Mugabe wanted out of DRC but was not prepared to abandon Kabila

President Robert Mugabe was looking for a way out of the Democratic Republic of Congo in early 2000 but at the same time he did not want to abandon DRC President Laurent Kabila.

This was the impression of the United States embassy after Mugabe met US special envoy Howard Wolpe for nearly three hours.

Zimbabwe had deployed troops to the DRC in 1998 to bail out Kabila in what proved to be a costly war at a time when the country’s economy was also wobbling.

The embassy said while Mugabe had intensified his search for a way out of the Congo, he was not ready to abandon Kabila, or even to begin the discussion of alternatives- at least with the United States.

 

Full cable:


Viewing cable 00HARARE2222, S/E WOLPE DISCUSSES DRC DISENGAGEMENT AND

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Reference ID

Created

Released

Classification

Origin

00HARARE2222

2000-04-25 14:48

2011-08-30 01:44

CONFIDENTIAL

Embassy Harare

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

 

251448Z Apr 00

 

 

CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ0617

 

PAGE 01       HARARE 02222 01 OF 04 251443Z

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INFO LOG-00   NP-00   ACQ-00   CIAE-00 SMEC-00 INL-01   DINT-00

DODE-00 DOEE-00 DOTE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00   EB-00   EUR-01

OIGO-02 FAAE-00 FBIE-00 VC-01   H-01    TEDE-00 INR-00

IO-00   L-00     AC-01   NSAE-00 OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01

PA-00   PM-00   PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00   TRSE-00

USIE-00 IIP-00   PMB-00   DSCC-00 DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00

SAS-00   SWCI-00   /013W

——————4FAA06 251443Z /38

FM AMEMBASSY HARARE

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5846

INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY

NSC WASHDC PRIORITY

AMEMBASSY KAMPALA

AMEMBASSY KINSHASA

AMEMBASSY PRETORIA

AMEMBASSY LUANDA

AMEMBASSY LUSAKA

AMEMBASSY MAPUTO

AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK

AMEMBASSY KIGALI

AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

AMEMBASSY LONDON

AMEMBASSY PARIS

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 HARARE 002222

 

SIPDIS

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 02       HARARE 02222 01 OF 04 251443Z

STATE FOR AF A/S SUSAN RICE, DAS POWELL

USUN FOR AMBASSADORS HOLBROOKE AND SODERBERG

USUN/W FOR ORR

STATE PASS DOD FOR OSD/PKHA/JSCHEAR

NSC FOR GAYLE SMITH AND ERIC SCHWARTZ

LONDON FOR PFLAUMER

PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS

 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/25/10

TAGS: PGOV PREL PINR CG ZI

SUBJECT: S/E WOLPE DISCUSSES DRC DISENGAGEMENT AND

DISARMAMENT WITH ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT

 

REFS: A) HARARE 2198

 

B) HARARE 2200

 

CLASSIFIED BY AMBASSADOR TOM MCDONALD, REASONS 1.5 (B), (D)

 

1. (C) SUMMARY: ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT ROBERT MUGABE HOSTED A

TWO HOUR AND TWENTY MINUTE MEETING WITH THE USG DELEGATION AT

HIS RESIDENCE IN HARARE ON 22 APRIL. S/E WOLPE, AMB

MCDONALD, SPECIAL ADVISOR PRENDERGAST, LT. COL. GADDIS, AND

ECONOFF PROKOP ATTENDED. S/E WOLPE REINFORCED THE USG

CONCERN THAT THERE BE GOOD FAITH COMPLIANCE WITH THE KAMPALA

CEASE-FIRE AND FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF LUSAKA, INCLUDING THE

COMPLETE RESTORATION OF DRC SOVEREIGNTY. HE ALSO ASKED IF

MUGABE WOULD CONSIDER, IN PRINCIPLE, A COMMITMENT TO CEASE

THE RE-SUPPLY AND TRAINING OF NON-STATE ACTORS AS A

CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURE THAT COULD BE LINKED TO SPECIFIC

COMMITMENTS MADE BY RWANDA AND UGANDA ON FURTHER OR

ACCELERATED REDEPLOYMENT AND WITHDRAWAL. MUGABE SAID THAT HE

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 03       HARARE 02222 01 OF 04 251443Z

WOULD CONSIDER SUCH MEASURES IF HE COULD BE SURE THAT, IN

RETURN, RWANDA AND UGANDA WOULD CEASE THEIR SUPPORT FOR THEIR

REBEL CLIENTS. END SUMMARY.

PURPOSE OF THE DELEGATION’S VISIT

 

2. (C) S/E WOLPE INFORMED PRESIDENT MUGABE THAT HE HAD COME, AT

THE REQUEST OF PRESIDENT CLINTON, TO REINFORCE THE USG

CONCERN THAT THERE BE GOOD FAITH COMPLIANCE WITH THE KAMPALA

CEASE-FIRE BY ALL PARTIES AND TO EXPLORE WAYS OF ACCELERATING

THE FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LUSAKA AGREEMENT WITH REGIONAL

LEADERS.

 

3. (C) ONE OF THE DELEGATION’S GOALS IS TO GAIN AN UNDERSTANDING

OF EACH PARTY’S BOTTOM LINE SECURITY REQUIREMENTS IN ORDER TO

HELP CRAFT INITIATIVES THAT EACH SIDE COULD TAKE THAT WOULD

INCREASE TRUST AND CONFIDENCE IN THE SHORT-TERM AND ENABLE

THE SIGNATORIES TO ACCELERATE THE FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE

LUSAKA AGREEMENT.

 

4. (C) S/E WOLPE ASSURED PRESIDENT MUGABE THAT THE USG’S

DEDICATION TO LUSAKA INCLUDED THE FULL RESTORATION OF

CONGOLESE SOVEREIGNTY AND TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY, ADDING THAT

“THIS IS THE MESSAGE I WILL BE CARRYING TO RWANDA AND UGANDA.”

 

5. (C) S/W WOLPE FURTHER EXPLAINED THAT IT IS THE USG’S VIEW

THAT THE EXTERNAL SIGNATORIES ARE LOOKING SERIOUSLY FOR A WAY

OUT OF THE CONGO. FROM THE USG PERSPECTIVE, THEREFORE, THE

TIME IS RIPE TO ADVANCE THE PEACE PROCESS. HE NOTED THAT THE

DELEGATION WAS ENCOURAGED BY THE REPORT IT HAD RECEIVED FROM

ZIMBABWE’S MINISTERS OF JUSTICE AND FOREIGN AFFAIRS

CONCERNING THE RECENT VICTORIA FALLS MEETING BUT WOULD

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 04       HARARE 02222 01 OF 04 251443Z

PARTICULARLY WELCOME PRESIDENT MUGABE’S ACCOUNT OF THE

PROCEEDINGS.

 

BACKGROUND OF THE VIC FALLS MEETING

 

6. (C) ACCORDING TO PRESIDENT MUGABE, THE IDEA FOR THE MEETING

CAME UP IN A CONVERSATION HE HAD IN CAIRO INVOLVING HIMSELF,

CHISSANO, DOS SANTOS, AND MUSEVENI.   NOTE. EXPLAINING THE

ORIGINS OF THIS DISCUSSION, MUGABE SAID HE HAD FORTUITOUSLY

STUMBLED UPON WHAT WAS IN FACT AN EXCHANGE BETWEEN MUSEVENI

AND DOS SANTOS THAT WAS BEING FACILITATED BY CHISSANO. END

NOTE.) MUGABE SAID THAT HE ASKED “WHY CAN’T WE MAKE UP OUR

OWN MINDS (TO GET OUT OF THE CONGO)? WE ARE ‘BIG PEOPLE’;

WHY MUST WE WAIT FOR A STICK FROM THE UN TO DRIVE US

FORWARD?” CHISSANO AND MUSEVENI AGREED AND CHISSANO PROPOSED

AN INFORMAL MEETING OF THE EXTERNAL LUSAKA SIGNATORIES. THE

PURPOSE OF THE MEETING WOULD BE TO FIND A WAY FOR THE

REGIONAL ACTORS TO IMPLEMENT THE CEASE-FIRE PROCESS

THEMSELVES IN THE EVENT THAT THE UN DEPLOYMENT WAS DELAYED.

THE LEADERS SUBSEQUENTLY AGREED TO MEET IN VIC FALLS ON 21

APRIL. UNFORTUNATELY, THREE DAYS BEFORE THE MEETING DATE,

DOS SANTOS BACKED OUT, ARGUING THAT ALL OF THE LEADERS HAD

BEEN INVITED TO A MALARIA CONFERENCE IN ABUJA TWO DAYS LATER,

AND IT WOULD BE MORE EFFICIENT TO MAKE ABUJA THE VENUE OF THE

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ0620

 

PAGE 01       HARARE 02222 02 OF 04 251444Z

ACTION AF-00

 

INFO LOG-00   NP-00   ACQ-00   CIAE-00 SMEC-00 INL-01   DINT-00

DODE-00 DOEE-00 DOTE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00   EB-00   EUR-01

OIGO-02 FAAE-00 FBIE-00 VC-01   H-01     TEDE-00 INR-00

IO-00   L-00     AC-01   NSAE-00 OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01

PA-00   PM-00   PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00   TRSE-00

USIE-00 IIP-00   PMB-00   DSCC-00 DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00

SAS-00   SWCI-00   /013W

——————4FAA16 251444Z /38

P 251448Z APR 00

FM AMEMBASSY HARARE

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5847

INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY

NSC WASHDC PRIORITY

AMEMBASSY KAMPALA

AMEMBASSY KINSHASA

AMEMBASSY PRETORIA

AMEMBASSY LUANDA

AMEMBASSY LUSAKA

AMEMBASSY MAPUTO

AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK

AMEMBASSY KIGALI

AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

AMEMBASSY LONDON

AMEMBASSY PARIS

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 04 HARARE 002222

 

SIPDIS

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 02       HARARE 02222 02 OF 04 251444Z

STATE FOR AF A/S SUSAN RICE, DAS POWELL

USUN FOR AMBASSADORS HOLBROOKE AND SODERBERG

USUN/W FOR ORR

STATE PASS DOD FOR OSD/PKHA/JSCHEAR

NSC FOR GAYLE SMITH AND ERIC SCHWARTZ

LONDON FOR PFLAUMER

PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS

 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/25/10

TAGS: PGOV PREL PINR CG ZI

SUBJECT: S/E WOLPE DISCUSSES DRC DISENGAGEMENT AND

DISARMAMENT WITH ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT

 

DRC DISCUSSION AS WELL. PAUL KAGAME, TOO, WAS UNABLE TO COME

BECAUSE OF HIS PENDING INAUGURATION; HOWEVER, HE SENT HIS FOREIGN

MINISTER AND EMMANUEL GASANA.

 

MUGABE’S ACCOUNT OF THE MEETING

 

7. (C) PRESIDENT MUGABE REPORTED THAT THE MEETING WAS “POSITIVE,

STRAIGHTFORWARD, HONEST.” IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE JMC/PC

KAMPALA CEASE-FIRE AGREEMENT, THE LEADERS AGREED TO COMMIT

THEMSELVES TO HONOR THE 30-KILOMETER DMZ. THEY ALSO AGREED

TO ESTABLISH A REGIONAL MONITORING MECHANISM COMPOSED OF

JOINT TEAMS FROM EACH PARTY TO SUPERVISE THE CEASE-FIRE IN

THE EVENT THAT THE UN DEPLOYMENT IS DELAYED. THE MEANS TO

IMPLEMENT THE SELF-MONITORING REGIME – TRANSPORTATION,

FUNDING, ETC. — ARE YET TO BE WORKED OUT.

 

8. (C) PRESIDENT MUGABE INSISTED THAT THE KEY TO MAINTAINING

FAITH IN THE SELF-MONITORING APPROACH WOULD BE APPROPRIATE

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 03       HARARE 02222 02 OF 04 251444Z

ACTIONS ON THE GROUND. IN TIME, WITH CONCRETE PROGRESS IN THE

DISENGAGEMENT OF FORCES, CONFIDENCE WILL GROW. HOWEVER, HE

ADDED A NOTE OF CAUTION: “WE WILL STILL NEED TO RESERVE A

LITTLE OF OURSELVES IN CASE THE OTHER SIDE DOES WHAT WE FEAR

THEY WILL DO. IF THEY DO NOT (BREAK THEIR COMMITMENTS), THEN

BOTH SIDES WILL BEGIN TO RELAX.”

 

9. (C) THE PRESIDENT ENDED HIS DESCRIPTION OF THE CONGO PORTION

OF THE VIC FALLS MEETING BY SAYING “NOW WE HAVE TO INFORM

CHILUBA ABOUT THE MEETING THAT HAPPENED IN HIS BACK YARD.”

HE ADDED, JOKINGLY, THAT “CHILUBA WILL BE WONDERING WHAT IS

GOING ON.” MUGABE THEN TURNED TO THE SECOND SUBJECT

DISCUSSED AT VIC FALLS – ZIMBABWE’S LAND REFORM ISSUE AND

POLITICAL CRISIS – AND LAUNCHED INTO A VERY LENGTHY AND

DETAILED EXPOSITION OF GOZ VIEWS AND ACTIONS (REPORTED

SEPTEL).

 

BACK TO THE DRC

 

10. (C) RETURNING TO THE SUBJECT OF THE LUSAKA PROCESS, S/E

WOLPE ASKED THE ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT WHAT THF USG COULD DO AT

THIS POINT TO ACCELERATE FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LUSAKA

AGREEMENT. SPECIFICALLY, WOLPE ASKED, WOULD IT BE POSSIBLE

FOR THE DRC AND ITS ALLIES TO COMMIT TO ACTIONS THAT WOULD

MITIGATE RWANDAN AND UGANDAN SECURITY CONCERNS, IN EXCHANGE

FOR AN UGANDAN AND RWANDAN COMMITMENT TO A MORE RAPID

REDEPLOYMENT AND WITHDRAWAL OF THEIR FORCES.

 

11. (C) PRESIDENT MUGABE REPLIED THAT, FOR THEIR PART, RWANDA AND

UGANDA COULD BEST DEMONSTRATE THEIR COMMITMENT BY AN ACTUAL

WITHDRAWAL FROM THE DRC. HE FURTHER SAID THAT RWANDA,

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 04       HARARE 02222 02 OF 04 251444Z

UGANDA, AND BURUNDI COULD BEST GUARANTEE THEIR SECURITY BY

DEDICATING THEMSELVES TO GOOD RELATIONS WITH THEIR NEIGHBORS

AND AMONG THEIR OWN POPULATIONS.

 

12. (C) AS FOR THE NON-STATE ACTORS, MUGABE INSISTED THAT

HUNTING THEM DOWN WOULD BE IMPRACTICAL AND WOULD NOT RESULT

IN THEIR ELIMINATION. HE ADDED THAT THE NON-STATE ACTORS

WERE RELATIVELY FEW IN COMPARISON TO THE “HUGE ARMIES” OF THE

REBELS. HE DID ACKNOWLEDGE THAT “BOTH GROUPS MUST BE MADE

TOOTHLESS” AND POINTED OUT THE NEED FOR AN EFFECTIVE

REINTEGRATION PROGRAM.

 

13. (C) S/E WOLPE AGAIN RETURNED TO THE POSSIBILITY OF THE DRC

AND ITS ALLIES AGREEING TO CEASE RE-SUPPLY AND TRAINING OF

THE EX-FAR/INTERAHAMWE IN RETURN FOR A RECIPROCAL COMMITMENT

BY RWANDA AND UGANDA TO ACCELERATED REDFPLOYMENT AND

WITHDRAWAL. THIS TIME MUGABE REPLIED THAT HE WOULD CONSIDER

MAKING SUCH A COMMITMENT IF IT WOULD CONVINCE RWANDA AND

UGANDA TO WITHDRAW FROM THE DRC. HE ADDED THAT HE WOULD ALSO

WANT RWANDA AND UGANDA TO CEASE THEIR TRAINING AND RESUPPLY

OF THEIR REBEL CLIENTS.

 

MUGABE ON RELATIONS WITH RWANDA, UGANDA, BURUNDI

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ0622

 

PAGE 01       HARARE 02222 03 OF 04 251444Z

ACTION AF-00

 

INFO LOG-00   NP-00   ACQ-00   CIAE-00 SMEC-00 INL-01   DINT-00

DODE-00 DOEE-00 DOTE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00   EB-00   EUR-01

OIGO-02 FAAE-00 FBIE-00 VC-01   H-01     TEDE-00 INR-00

IO-00   L-00     AC-01   NSAE-00 OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01

PA-00   PM-00   PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00   TRSE-00

USIE-00 IIP-00   PMB-00   DSCC-00 DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00

SAS-00   SWCI-00   /013W

——————4FAA22 251444Z /38

P 251448Z APR 00

FM AMEMBASSY HARARE

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5848

INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY

NSC WASHDC PRIORITY

AMEMBASSY KAMPALA

AMEMBASSY KINSHASA

AMEMBASSY PRETORIA

AMEMBASSY LUANDA

AMEMBASSY LUSAKA

AMEMBASSY MAPUTO

AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK

AMEMBASSY KIGALI

AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

AMEMBASSY LONDON

AMEMBASSY PARIS

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 04 HARARE 002222

 

SIPDIS

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 02       HARARE 02222 03 OF 04 251444Z

STATE FOR AF A/S SUSAN RICE, DAS POWELL

USUN FOR AMBASSADORS HOLBROOKE AND SODERBERG

USUN/W FOR ORR

STATE PASS DOD FOR OSD/PKHA/JSCHEAR

NSC FOR GAYLE SMITH AND ERIC SCHWARTZ

LONDON FOR PFLAUMER

PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS

 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/25/10

TAGS: PGOV PREL PINR CG ZI

SUBJECT: S/E WOLPE DISCUSSES DRC DISENGAGEMENT AND

DISARMAMENT WITH ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT

 

14. (C) PRESIDENT MUGABE ACKNOWLEDGED THAT WHILE RELATIONS WITH

UGANDA HAD IMPROVED, THEY WERE STILL DIFFICULT WITH RWANDA. HE

SAID THAT THIS WAS PERHAPS DUE TO LACK OF SUFFICIENT

CONTACT. HE NOTED THAT THE RWANDAN FOREIGN MTNISTER INFORMED

THOSE AT VIC FALLS THAT KAGAME, AS PRESIDENT, HAD COMMITTED

HIMSELF TO BE BOUND BY ANY DECISION MADE BY THE LUSAKA

SIGNATORIES. MUGABE ADDED, HOWEVER, THAT KAGAME APPEARED TO

BE THE ONE WHO WANTS TO CONTINUE THE WAR.

 

15. (C) S/E WOLPE TOLD PRESIDENT MUGABE THAT HE HAS BEGUN TO

SENSE AN EVOLUTION IN RWANDA’S THINKING. THE RWANDANS NOW

APPEAR WILLING TO DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS AND

GROUPS WITH REGARD TO THE CULPABILITY OF EXFAR/INTERAHAMWE

FORCES IN THE DRC FOR THE GENOCIDE. THE RWANDANS, HE SAID,

HAVE ALSO EXPRESSED THEIR WILLINGNESS TO ACCEPT INTERNATIONAL

MONITORING OF THE REINTEGRATION PROCESS. S/E WOLPE ASSURED

MUGABE THAT THE USG WOULD WORK WITH THE RWANDANS TO DETERMINE

THEIR BOTTOM LINE AND TO ENSURE THAT IT IS REASONABLE.

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 03       HARARE 02222 03 OF 04 251444Z

 

16. (C) MUGABE COMMENTED THAT IF THE POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN RWANDA

AND BURUNDI COULD NOT ACCOMMODATE THE RETURN OF

EX-COMBATANTS, AND IF THERE ARE NO PROVISIONS FOR

REINTEGRATION, THEIR CITIZENS WILL NOT WANT TO RETURN.

HOWEVER, IF A REHABILITATION MECHANISM EXISTS, THOSE WHO CAN

RETURN WILL DO SO.

 

DEALING WITH KABILA

 

17. (C) S/E WOLPE TOLD MUGABE OF USG EFFORTS TO CONVINCE KABILA

THAT HE COULD BENEFIT POLITICALLY BY COOPERATING WITH THE

NATIONAL DIALOGUE’S FACILITATOR AND ADHERING TO THE LUSAKA

AGREEMENT. HE ASKED MUGABE FOR HIS GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF

KABILA’S WILLINGNESS TO NOW BE BOUND BY THE LUSAKA AGREEMENT.

 

18. (C) MUGABE REPLIED THAT KARILA WAS DOING HIS BEST TO ADHERE

TO THE LUSAKA AGREEMENT ALTHOUGH HE IS DISAPPOINTED THAT IT

DID NOT CONTAIN AN EXPLICIT DEMAND FOR THE IMMEDIATE

WITHDRAWAL OF RWANDA AND UGANDA. REGARDING THE NATIONAL

DIALOGUE, MUGABE SAID THAT KABILA HAD COMPLAINED THAT LUSAKA

WAS RESTRICTING HIM FROM ORGANIZING POIJTICAL SUPPORT AMONG

HIS OWN PEOPLE. MUGABE SAID HE HAD EXPLAINED TO KABILA THAT

THERE WAS NO RESTRICTION ON HIS ABILITY TO CONSULT WITH

OTHERS, BUT THAT HE SHOULD DO NOTHING THAT WOULD APPEAR TO BE

AN EFFORT TO SUPPLANT PRESIDENT MASIRE’S ROLE AS THE

FACILITATOR OF THE NATIONAL DIALOGUE. HE SAID THAT HE HAD

SUCCEEDED IN DISSUADING KABILA FROM PROCEEDING WITH HIS PLANS

TO HOLD PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN ADVANCE OF THE

INTER-CONGOLESE DIALOGUE.

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 04       HARARE 02222 03 OF 04 251444Z

19. (C) MUGABE CLAIMED THAT THE LACK OF COOPERATION MASIRE

EXPERIENCED DURING HIS FIRST VISIT WAS PARTLY THE FAULT OF

REGIONAL LEADERS WHO HAD PROVIDED NO SUPPORT TO MASIRE. FROM

KABILA’S OBSERVATIONS, IT APPEARED THAT THE IACK OF

COOPERATION DURING HIS SECOND VISIT TO THE DRC WAS DUE TO

LACK OF COORDINATION: KABILA CLAIMED NO ONE KNEW MASIRE WAS

COMING OR WHAT HIS AGENDA WOULD BE. MUGABE HIMSELF THOUGHT

THAT MASIRE GAVE THE IMPRESSION THAT HE WAS TAKING HIS

INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE UN AS OPPOSED TO THE OAU AND HE FELT

THAT THIS WAS INAPPROPRIATE.

 

20. (C) MUGABE ASKED WOLPE WHY MASIRE WAS SO DEPENDENT ON THE

UN FOR STAFF AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT. S/E WOLPE EXPLAINED

THAT IT WAS THE OAU SECRETARY-GENERAL WHO HAD INDICATED THE

OAU LACKED SUFFICIENT CAPACITY AND HAD URGED A SIGNIFICANT UN

ROLE. MUGABE OBJECTED SHARPLY – SAYING PERHAPS THERE WAS A

PROBLEM AT THE OAU THAT NEEDED TO BE ADDRESSED- MUGABE THEN

SAID THAT HE HAD HEARD, TO HIS CONSIDERABLE DISTRESS, THAT

MASIRE HAD TAKEN ON A CANADIAN AS A TOP ADVLSOR. THIS WAS

WRONG, HE ASSERTED. THIS IS SOMETHING THE OAU SHOULD BE

HANDLING. WOLPE THEN EXPLAINED – TO MUGA8E’S OBVIOUS

ANNOYANCE — THAT THE CANADIANS HAD PLAYED A ROLE IN HELPING

MASIRE DEVELOP A PLAN AND BUDGET, AND THAT THE BRITS HAD

RESPONDED TO MASIRE’S DESPERATE NEED FOR ASSISTANCE BY

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ0623

 

PAGE 01       HARARE 02222 04 OF 04 251444Z

ACTION AF-00

 

INFO LOG-00   NP-00   ACQ-00   CIAE-00 SMEC-00 INL-01   DINT-00

DODE-00 DOEE-00 DOTE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00   EB-00   EUR-01

OIGO-02 FAAE-00 FBIE-00 VC-01   H-01     TEDE-00 INR-00

IO-00   L-00     AC-01   NSAE-00 OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01

PA-00   PM-00   PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00   TRSE-00

USIE-00 IIP-00   PMB-00   DSCC-00 DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00

SAS-00   SWCI-00   /013W

——————4FAA2B 251444Z /38

P 251448Z APR 00

FM AMEMBASSY HARARE

TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5849

INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY

NSC WASHDC PRIORITY

AMEMBASSY KAMPALA

AMEMBASSY KINSHASA

AMEMBASSY PRETORIA

AMEMBASSY LUANDA

AMEMBASSY LUSAKA

AMEMBASSY MAPUTO

AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK

AMEMBASSY KIGALI

AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

AMEMBASSY LONDON

AMEMBASSY PARIS

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 04 OF 04 HARARE 002222

 

SIPDIS

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 02       HARARE 02222 04 OF 04 251444Z

STATE FOR AF A/S SUSAN RICE, DAS POWELL

USUN FOR AMBASSADORS HOLBROOKE AND SODERBERG

USUN/W FOR ORR

STATE PASS DOD FOR OSD/PKHA/JSCHEAR

NSC FOR GAYLE SMITH AND ERIC SCHWARTZ

LONDON FOR PFLAUMER

PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS

 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/25/10

TAGS: PGOV PREL PINR CG ZI

SUBJECT: S/E WOLPE DISCUSSES DRC DISENGAGEMENT AND

DISARMAMENT WITH ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT

 

SECONDING AN ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER TO SET UP HIS BOTSWANA

OFFICE.   HOWEVER, EVEN NOW, WOLPE NOTED, MASIRE HAS

VIRTUALLY NO ONE WITH THE APPROPRIATE EXPERTISE WORKING WITH

HIM. MASIRE WAS MAKING EVERY EFFORT, WORKING WITH THE OAU

AND THE UN, TO RECRUIT APPROPRIATE PERSONNEL, PARTICULARLY AFRICAN

PERSONNEL. AT THE END OF THE DAY, HOWEVER, WOLPE TOLD MUGABE, THE

FACILITATION EFFORT WOULD REQUIRE ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT FROM MANY

INTERNATIONAL SOURCES.

 

MORE ON ACCELERATING IMPLEMENTATION

 

21. (C) IN A CONCLUDING COMMENT, SPECIAL ADVISOR PRENDERGAST

OBSERVED THAT THE PURPOSE OF S/E WOLPE’S CURRENT MISSION

APPEARED TO TRACK CLOSELY THAT OF THE VIC FALLS MEETING: TO

BUILD ON THE MOMENTUM OF KAMPALA. HE NOTED THAT WHILE THE

DEVIL MAY BE IN THE DETAILS, IN THIS INSTANCE SALVATION COULD

EXIST IN THE SPECIFICS.   SPECIFIC MECHANISMS COULD UNLOCK

THE ABILITY OF THE SIGNATORY PARTIES TO MOVE FORWARD MORE

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PAGE 03       HARARE 02222 04 OF 04 251444Z

RAPIDLY IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF LUSAKA. FOR EXAMPLE,

RECIPROCAL COMMITMENTS REGARDING REDEPLOYMENT AND THE

DEMOBILIZATION OF ARMED-GROUPS COULD ACCELERATE PLANNING AND

DEEPEN COMMITMENTS TO WITHDRAWAL BY KEY SIGNATORIES. BROADER

CONCEPTUAL AGREEMENTS THAT ARE IN EACH PARTY’S INTEREST WILL

HELP CONSOLIDATE AGREEMENTS OF MORE IMMEDIATE CONCERN MADE IN

KAMPALA. THE USG HAD FURTHER IDEAS ON THESE ISSUES THAT WE

LOOKED FORWARD TO DISCUSSING WITH HIM, WITH ZIMBABWE’S

REPRESENTATIVES ON THE JMC/PC, AND WITH THE OTHER LUSAKA

SIGNATORIES.

 

COMMENTS

 

22. (C) MUGABE HAS CLEARLY INTENSIFIED HIS SEARCH FOR A WAY OUT

OF THE CONGO. BUT HIS EXIT WILL NOT BE PAVED WITH

COMPROMISES THAT WOULD CALL INTO QUESTION HIS GOVERNMENT’S

REASONS FOR INTERVENING IN THE FIRST PLACE. HE APPEARS

INTERESTED IN THE NOTION OF PACKAGING MORE SPECIFIC

COMMITMENTS REGARDING THE DISARMAMENT OF THE ARMED GROUPS

WITH ACCELERATED REDEPLOYMENTS AND WITHDRAWALS. WHILE HE

REMAINS DEEPLY SUSPICIOUS ABOUT KAGAME’S INTENTIONS, MUGABE

RECOGNIZES THE IMPORTANCE OF ADDRESSING RWANDAN SECURITY

CONCERNS.

 

23. (C) MUGABE IS NOT READY TO ABANDON KABILA, OR TO EVEN BEGIN

THE DISCUSSION OF ALTERNATIVES – AT LEAST WITH THE USG.

HOWEVER, HE, TOGETHER WITH HIS NAMIBIAN AND ANGOLAN ALLIES,

WILL INCREASE THEIR PRESSURE ON KABILA TO IMPLEMENT THE

LUSAKA AGREEMENT, PARTICULARLY REGARDING CEASE-FIRE

COMMITMENTS AND THE NATIONAL DIALOGUE. HIS DESIRE TO MOVE

FORWARD ON WITHDRAWAL WILL ALMOST CERTAINLY KEEP HIM FOCUSED

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 04       HARARE 02222 04 OF 04 251444Z

ON THE NEED TO KEEP KABILA IN LINE, AND PROVIDES OPENINGS TO

EXPLORE WITH RWANDA AND UGANDA WHAT THEY ARE WILLING TO DO TO

EXPEDITE FINAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LUSAKA CEASEFIRE

AGREEMENT. END COMMENT.

 

MCDONALD

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

>

 

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