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Britain refuses to give US information on people targeted for sanctions

The British government refused to give the United States information on people that the US wanted to target for sanctions saying British law prohibited it from doing so.

The US embassy in Harare was banking on cooperation from the United Kingdom embassy because it had the greatest potential to provide biographical information on the individuals because of the large number of Zimbabweans living in the UK, those attending school there and the frequent travel of Zimbabweans to the UK.

According to a diplomatic cables dispatched on 28 September 2007 and another on 1 October 2007, the UK embassy in Harare had initially told the US embassy that it could furnish the information provided that the source would not be revealed.

The UK embassy, however, informed the Americans that it had been told by the UK Foreign Office that British law prohibited disclosure of the requested information even if the source would be protected.

 

Full cable:

 

Viewing cable 07HARARE879, SANCTIONS II: SDN IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION

If you are new to these pages, please read an introduction on the structure of a cable as well as how to discuss them with others. See also the FAQs

Reference ID

Created

Released

Classification

Origin

07HARARE879

2007-09-28 09:42

2011-08-30 01:44

CONFIDENTIAL

Embassy Harare

VZCZCXYZ0000

RR RUEHWEB

 

DE RUEHSB #0879/01 2710942

ZNY CCCCC ZZH

R 280942Z SEP 07

FM AMEMBASSY HARARE

TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 1931

INFO RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 0987

RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 0593

RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC

RHEHAAA/NSC WASHDC

C O N F I D E N T I A L HARARE 000879

 

SIPDIS

 

SECRET NOFORN

 

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

 

AF/S FOR S.HILL

STATE PASS TO NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR B.PITTMAN

 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/09/2012

TAGS: PREL PGOV ZI

SUBJECT: SANCTIONS II: SDN IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION

 

REF: HARARE 868

 

Classified By: Pol/Econ Chief Glenn Warren under 1.4 b/d

 

1. (C) This cable provides a comprehensive listing of all

the material post has developed on our sanctions targets,

including the updating of material in reftel. Efforts to

obtain biographical information on the below-listed

individuals have included:

–Consular Section reviewed visa files at Post;

–DATT reviewed all DAO files at Post;

–Regional Affairs reviewed files and consulted contacts;

–P/E and PAS conducted Internet searches;

–P/E reviewed Bio files at Post; P/E conducted Intellipedia

bio searches;

–PAS reviewed Zimbabwean newspaper archives;

–P/E discussed relationship information with FSNs;

–P/E contacted University of Zimbabwe law and political

science professors;

–P/E contacted the head of the Zimbabwe private school

association;

–CDA and P/E Contacted the Embassy of the United Kingdom

(UK) in Zimbabwe;

–P/E Contacted the Embassy of Australia in Zimbabwe;

–RSO searched files, consulted FSNs with police contacts,

and considered usefulness of requesting official cooperation;

–P/E contacted the Commercial Farmers Union for information

and to determine whether Offer Letters contained relevant

information;

–The Country Team considered requesting information formally

from the GOZ as would be done during an RSO or Consular

investigation.

 

2. (C) Of the above sources, the UK Embassy has the greatest

potential for biographical information because of the large

number of Zimbabweans living in the UK, the large number of

Zimbabweans attending school there, and frequent travel of

Zimbabweans to the UK. The UK Embassy initially told us it

could furnish information subject to our guarantee that the

source would not be revealed as a diplomatic mission. The UK

Embassy subsequently informed us, however, that it had been

told by the UK Foreign Office that British law prohibited

disclosure of the requested information, even if the source

would be protected. The UK Embassy was sympathetic to our

request and has suggested our embassy in London pursue it

with the FCO.

 

3. (C) We requested SDI information from the Australian

Embassy in Harare. The Australian ambassador told us he

would recommend to his ministry release of information in its

possession subject to approval by Canberra. As of September

28, the Australian Embassy had not received approval. We

will follow up next week.

 

4. (C) Except for those targets who have applied for visas,

the only way (other than the Internet where we have found

little information) to obtain birth data is through the

central government registrar’s office. The Consular Section

and RSO have routinely requested records from this office,

for example when seeking information on nominees for the

International Visitor Program or when doing background checks

on prospective employees. We have always had to provide a

detailed justification for the request; we would be unable to

provide such justification in requesting information on SDIs.

Moreover, given the prominence of the persons in question,

it would be impossible for Post to fabricate a justification

without raising suspicion and ending cooperation.

 

5. (C) We have attempted to obtain relationship information

from FSNs. If the FSNs do not have the information

themselves, they have attempted to obtain it from others.

Unfortunately, the names are so prominent that our FSN’s

interlocutors–even if sympathetic–recognized the reason for

the inquiry and felt it too risky to comply.

 

6. (C) Post found no reference to family members in

newspaper articles. Births are never announced for cultural

reasons; articles about high-ranking officials almost never

make reference to family members.

 

7. (C) When obtained, we have indicated family

relationships, birthdates and sources of information. For

several children, we have indicated U.S. universities

attended in the U.S. in the event the Department wishes to

seek school or drivers license records.

8. (S/NF) Targeted individuals

 

Bonyongwe, Happton Mabhuya, CIO director

DOB: November 6, 1960 Internet (confirmed by Embassy visa

files)

 

Chigwedere, Lillian: Spouse of Aeneas Chigwedere

Confimation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Chihuri, Isobel Halima: Spouse of Augustine Chihuri

Confirmation of family relationship: (from Embassy Vvsa files)

DOB: April 14, 1974 (from Embassy visa files)

 

Chihuri, Joni: Daughter of Augustine Chihuri

Confirmation of family relationship: (from Embassy visa files)

DOB: April 6, 1978 (from Embassy Visa files)

 

Chihuri, Ocious Pelonsic: Daughter of Augustine Chihuri

Confirmation of family relationship: Internet (confirmed by

Embassy visa files)

 

Chihuri, Ruawage: Son of Augustine Chihuri

Confirmation of family relationship: Australian Ambassador

DOB:

 

Chinamasa, Chengatai: Son of Patrick Chinamasa

Confirmation of family relationship: FSN (confirmed by

Embassy visa files)

DOB: October 25, 1984 (U.S. university records) (confirmed by

Embassy visa files)

 

Chinamasa, Kangai: Daughter of Patrick Chinamasa

Confirmation of family relationship: FSN (confirmed by

Embassy visa files)

DOB: June 30, 1980 (from U.S. university records) (confirmed

by Embassy visa files)

 

Chinamasa, Tinotenda: Son of Patrick Chinamasa

Confirmation of family relationship: FSN (confirmed by

Embassy visa files)

DOB: August 29, 1982 (from U.S. University records)

(confirmed by Embassy visa files)

 

Chombo, Rudo:

Confirmation of family relationship: Internet

DOB:

 

Chombo, Thelma:

Confirmation of family relationship: Internet (Note:

Ignatius Chombo denied to The Standard newspaper that Thelma

Chombo is his daughter)

DOB:

 

Dabengwa, Zodwa: Spouse of Dumiso Dabengwa

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Jangara, Thomsen Toddie: ZRP Chief Superintendent for Harare

South

Justification: He was responsible for a ban on protests

issued in February that prevented the MDC and civil society

from organizing. This decree was part of a concerted GOZ

effort to suppress political activity directed against the

government. The GOZ selectively used the Public Order and

Security Act against democratic elements of Zimbabwe to

eliminate its opposition. While the GOZ claimed that the

opposition committed anti-government violence in justifying

such decrees, these allegations were fabricated by the

government and were proven to be completely false when the

court later dismissed the cases brought against the

opposition activists who had been accused of committing the

alleged acts of violence. The government has frequently

fabricated incidents of violence attributed to the

opposition, and publicized these allegations in

government-controlled media.

DOB:

 

Karimanzira, Rungano Priscilla: Spouse of David Karimanzira

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Kaskuwere, Barbara: Wife of Saviour Kaskuwere

Confirmation of family relationship: FSN

DOB:

 

Kechik, Dr. Mahmood Awang

DOB:

 

Peter Lesabe: Spouse of Thenjiwe Lesabe

Deceased: FSN

 

Mabunda, Musavengana: Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP)

Assistant Commissioner

Justification: The Law and Order Unit of the ZRP is infamous

for targeting the opposition and organizing arrests,

abductions, torture, and other mistreatment of MDC and civil

society members. As the Assistant Commissioner of the Law

and Order Unit, Mabunda has had primary responsibility for

the work of the Unit. On March 11 a number of MDC leaders

were arrested and severely beaten in police custody. The

released prisoners were immediately taken to the hospital for

treatment of serious injuries they sustained at the hands of

the police. The international media photographically

recorded the extent of these injuries. These leaders were

released several days later and no cases have been prosecuted

against them. Given his position, Mabunda was certainly

aware of post-March 11 beatings and very likely directed

them. In April, May, and June, over 30 opposition activists

were arrested, detained, and mistreated. The Law and Order

Unit is believed to have been involved in the targeting of

these individuals. All were eventually released, some having

spent several months in custody. Another incident of

brutality occured on July 25, when police beat hundreds of

democratic activists peacefully demonstrating in favor of a

new constitution. Many civil society leaders were severely

beaten, suffering broken bones and other injuries. Again,

the Law and Order Unit is believed to have been involved.

 

DOB:

 

Mada, Ishmael: Central Intelligence Organization (CIO),

internal branch

Justification: Mada heads a CIO internal branch team charged

with targeting the MDC for arrest, abduction, and torture.

On March 11 a number of MDC leaders were arrested and

severely beaten in police custody. The CIO worked with the

Law and Order Unit of the ZRP in targeting the democratic

opposition for arrest and are believed to have participated

in the beatings. The released prisoners went immediately to

the hospital for treatment of serious injuries they sustained

at the hands of the police. These leaders were released

several days later and no cases have been prosecuted against

them. The international media photographically recorded the

extent of these injuries. Given his position, Mada was

certainly aware of the post-March 11 beatings and very likely

directed them. Another similar incident of brutality occured

on July 25, when police beat hundreds of democratic activists

peacefully demonstrating in favor of a new constitution.

Many civil society leaders were severely beaten, suffering

broken bones and other injuries. The CIO is believed to have

been involved in this incident as well.

DOB: September 23, 1958 (from GRPO files)

 

Malinga, Ronia: Spouse of Joshua Malinga

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Manyika, Allan Munyaradzi: son of Elliot Manyika

DOB: June 23, 1986 (from U.S. university records (confirmed

by Embassy visa files)

 

Manyika, Belinda: daughter of Elliot Manyika

DOB: March 19, 1979 (from U.S. university records)

(confirmed by Embassy Visa files)

 

Manyika, Joan: Daughter of Elliott Manyika

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Manyika, Linda: Daughter of Elliott Manyika

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Manyika, Maureen: Daughter of Elliott Manyika

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Manyika, Ronald: Son of Elliott Manyika

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

Manyonda, Elizabeth: Spouse of Kenneth Manyonda

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Matshalaga, Neddy: Spouse of Obert Matshalaga

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Midzi, Hilda Alice: Spouse of Amos Midzi

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Mugabe, Leo: Son of Sabina Mugabe

Confirmation of family relationship: FSN

DOB: February 28, 1959 (from Embassy visa files); (Note:

this DOB differs from that furnished by AF/S, derived from

Internet)

 

Mugabe, Bellarmine Chattunga: Son of Robert Mugabe

Confirmation of family relationship: Embassy education

contact (confirmed by Embassy visa files)

DOB: May 26, 1997 (from Embassy visa files)

 

Mugabe, Bona Nyepudzai Ouma: Daughter of Robert Mugabe

Confirmation of family relationship: Embassy education

contact (confirmed by Embassy visa files)

DOB: April 16, 1989 (from Embassy visa files)

 

Mugabe, Robert Tinotenda: Son of Robert Mugabe

Confirmation of family relationship: Embassy education

contact (confirmed by Embassy visa files)

DOB: February 4, 1992 (from Embassy visa files)

 

Mutasa, Gertrude: Spouse of Didymus Mutasa

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Muvuti, Samuel Tendi: Head of Grain Marketing Board

Justification: As the head of the Grain Marketing Board,

Muvuti has been responsible for directing the allocation of

food to affect voting behavior. Much of rural Zimbabwe has

suffered food shortages over the past seven years. During

elections in 2002 and 2005, the GMB provided food to villages

with the threat of withholding it if the village did not vote

for Mugabe and other ZANU-PF candidates. Likewise, the GMB

refused to send food to areas known to support the

opposition. The use of food has been an effective tool of

the Mugabe regime in obtaining votes illegally.

DOB: July 6, 1957 Internet (confirmed by Embassy visa files)

 

Muzariri, Livingston Menard: CIO Deputy Director

Justification: As CIO Deputy Director, he has full knowledge

of all CIO activities, including abductions, arrests, and

torture of the opposition. The CIO is believed to be

involved with, and in many cases to have directed, the ZRP in

these activities. On March 11 a number of MDC leaders were

arrested and severely beaten in police custody. The CIO

worked with the ZRP in targeting the democratic opposition

for arrest and are believed to have participated in the

beatings. The released prisoners went immediately to the

hospital for treatment of serious injuries they sustained at

the hands of the police. These leaders were released several

days later and no cases have been prosecuted against them.

The international media photographically recorded the extent

of these injuries. Given his position, Muzariri was

certainly aware of the beatings and very likely directed

them. Another similar incident of brutality occured on July

25, when police beat hundreds of democratic activists

peacefully demonstrating in favor of a new constitution.

Many civil society leaders were severely beaten, suffering

broken bones and other injuries. The CIO is believed to have

been involved in this incident as well.

DOB: August 8, 1955 (from GRPO files)

 

Sadzamari, Tsitsi: ZRP Chief Superintendent for Mbare

Justification: Sadzamari is a police official identified as

organizing and playing a central role in intimidation of the

MDC. She was responsible for a ban on protests issued on

February 23 that prevented the MDC and civil society from

organizing. This decree was part of a concerted GOZ effort

to suppress political activity directed against the

government. The GOZ selectively used the Public Order and

Security Act against democratic elements of Zimbabwe to

eliminate its opposition. While the GOZ claimed that the

opposition committed anti-government violence in justifying

such decrees, these allegations were fabricated by the

government and were proven to be completely false when the

court later dismissed the cases brought against the

opposition activists who had been accused of committing the

alleged acts of violence. The government has frequently

fabricated incidents of violence attributed to the

opposition, and publicized these allegations in

government-controlled media.

DOB:

 

Shamuyarira, Dorothy Mabel: Spouse of Nathan Shamuyarira

Confirmation of family relationship:

DOB:

 

Sibanda, Phillip: Commander of Zimbabwean Republic Army

Justification: Sibanda as head of one of the two branches of

the Zimbabwean defense forces, is a member of the Joint

Operations Command (JOC) which is a policy-making body and

the chief operational body in Zimbabwe. The JOC, if it was

not in on the planning of the March 11 brutal repression of

MDC leaders, undoubtedly was knowledgeable. Such acts of

violence, harrassment, and intimidation, have undermined

Zimbabwe’s democratic institutions in order the maintain the

authoritarian Mugabe regime’s hold on power. Further, the

Army is the most powerful institution in Zimbabwe. Without

its support, the regime could not maintain power.

DOB: December 24, 1954 (from copy of passport in DAO files)

 

Taveesin, Nalinee: Citizen of Thailand

DOB: February 12, 1969 (from U.S. Embassy Bangkok)

(confirmed by DOS visa records)

 

Tayengwa, Isaac: ZRP Chief Superintendent for Harare Central

District

Justification: Tayengwa is a police official identified as

organizing and playing a central role in intimidation of the

MDC. He was responsible for a ban on protests issued on

February 23 that prevented the MDC and civil society from

organizing. This decree was part of a concerted GOZ effort

to suppress political activity directed against the

government. The GOZ selectively used the Public Order and

Security Act against democratic elements of Zimbabwe to

eliminate its opposition. While the GOZ claimed that the

opposition committed anti-government violence in justifying

such decrees, these allegations were fabricated by the

government and were proven to be completely false when the

court later dismissed the cases brought against the

opposition activists who had been accused of committing the

alleged acts of violence. The government has frequently

fabricated incidents of violence attributed to the

opposition, and publicized these allegations in

government-controlled media.

DOB:

 

Zharara, Ngwerume: ZRP Chief Superintendent for Harare

Suburban District

Justification: He was responsible for a ban on protests

issued on February 21 that prevented the MDC and civil

society from organizing a political rally. This decree was

part of a concerted GOZ effort to suppress political activity

directed against the government. The GOZ selectively used

the Public Order and Security Act against democratic elements

of Zimbabwe to eliminate its opposition. While the GOZ

claimed that the opposition committed anti-government

violence in justifying such decrees, these allegations were

fabricated by the government and were proven to be completely

false when the court later dismissed the cases brought

against the opposition activists who had been accused of

committing the alleged acts of violence. The government has

frequently fabricated incidents of violence attributed to the

opposition, and publicized these allegations in

government-controlled media.

DOB:

 

8. (S/NF) Targeted entities

 

AuriJewel

700 Kinderkamack Rd.

Orodell, New Jersey 07649

 

390 Fifth Avenue, Suite 804

New York, NY

 

Jongwe Printing and Publishing Company

14 Austin Road

Harare, Zimbabwe

ZIDCO Holdings

88 Robert Mugabe Road

Harare, Zimbabawe

 

Grain Marketing Board

Dura Building

179-187 Samora Machel Avenue

 

9. (C) Post suggests the Department weigh the relative

merits of placememt of ZRP chief superintendents Jangara,

Sadzamari, and Zhahara on the OFAC list. These individuals

came to light when their names were published in the

government press after they issued decrees banning

demonstrations. They are mid-level officials who are not

involved in policy and who carried out orders. We have no

evidence they have personally ordered violent conduct on the

part of the police. Our concern, as expressed by our

Regional Security Officer, is that publication of the names

of these individuals as SDNs will jeopardize police

cooperation. We currently receive limited but useful

cooperation from the ZRP in the protection of premises,

investigation of crimes against Embassy officers, and release

from custody of FSNs who have been arrested in police

dragnets.

 

10. (C) Post is open to further suggestions on additional

avenues of information collection of family relationships and

dates of birth given the contraints noted in paragraphs 4 and

5.

DHANANI

 

 

 

Viewing cable 07HARARE883, SANCTIONS II: SDN IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION

If you are new to these pages, please read an introduction on the structure of a cable as well as how to discuss them with others. See also the FAQs
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
07HARARE883 2007-10-01 10:08 2011-08-30 01:44 SECRET Embassy Harare

VZCZCXYZ0002 RR RUEHWEB  DE RUEHSB #0883/01 2741008 ZNY SSSSS ZZH R 011008Z OCT 07 FM AMEMBASSY HARARE TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 1944 INFO RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 0998 RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 0599 RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC RHEHAAA/NSC WASHDC

S E C R E T HARARE 000883    SIPDIS    SECRET NOFORN    SIPDIS  SIPDIS    AF/S FOR S.HILL  STATE PASS TO NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR B.PITTMAN    E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/09/2012  TAGS: PREL PGOV ZI SUBJECT: SANCTIONS II:  SDN IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION    REF: HARARE 868    Classified By: Pol/Econ Chief Glenn Warren under 1.4 b/d    1.  (C) This cable provides a comprehensive listing of all  the material post has developed on our sanctions targets,  including the updating of material in reftel.  Efforts to  obtain biographical information on the below-listed  individuals have included:  --Consular Section reviewed visa files at Post;  --DATT reviewed all DAO files at Post;  --Regional Affairs reviewed files and consulted contacts;  --P/E and PAS conducted Internet searches;  --P/E reviewed Bio files at Post; P/E conducted Intellipedia  bio searches;  --PAS reviewed Zimbabwean newspaper archives;  --P/E discussed relationship information with FSNs;  --P/E contacted University of Zimbabwe law and political  science professors;  --P/E contacted the head of the Zimbabwe private school  association;  --CDA and P/E Contacted the Embassy of the United Kingdom  (UK) in Zimbabwe;  --P/E Contacted the Embassy of Australia in Zimbabwe;  --RSO searched files, consulted FSNs with police contacts,  and considered usefulness of requesting official cooperation;  --P/E contacted the Commercial Farmers Union for information  and to determine whether Offer Letters contained relevant  information;  --The Country Team considered requesting information formally  from the GOZ as would be done during an RSO or Consular  investigation.    2.  (C) Of the above sources, the UK Embassy has the greatest  potential for biographical information because of the large  number of Zimbabweans living in the UK, the large number of  Zimbabweans attending school there, and frequent travel of  Zimbabweans to the UK.  The UK Embassy initially told us it  could furnish information subject to our guarantee that the  source would not be revealed as a diplomatic mission.  The UK  Embassy subsequently informed us, however, that it had been  told by the UK Foreign Office that British law prohibited  disclosure of the requested information, even if the source  would be protected.  The UK Embassy was sympathetic to our  request and has suggested our embassy in London pursue it  with the FCO.    3.  (C) We requested SDI information from the Australian  Embassy in Harare.  The Australian ambassador told us he  would recommend to his ministry release of information in its  possession subject to approval by Canberra.  As of September  28, the Australian Embassy had not received approval.  We  will follow up next week.    4.  (C) Except for those targets who have applied for visas,  the only way (other than the Internet where we have found  little information) to obtain birth data is through the  central government registrar's office.  The Consular Section  and RSO have routinely requested records from this office,  for example when seeking information on nominees for the  International Visitor Program or when doing background checks  on prospective employees.  We have always had to provide a  detailed justification for the request; we would be unable to  provide such justification in requesting information on SDIs.   Moreover, given the prominence of the persons in question,  it would be impossible for Post to fabricate a justification  without raising suspicion and ending cooperation.    5.  (C) We have attempted to obtain relationship information  from FSNs.  If the FSNs do not have the information  themselves, they have attempted to obtain it from others.  Unfortunately, the names are so prominent that our FSN's  interlocutors--even if sympathetic--recognized the reason for  the inquiry and felt it too risky to comply.    6.  (C) Post found no reference to family members in  newspaper articles.  Births are never announced for cultural  reasons; articles about high-ranking officials almost never  make reference to family members.    7.  (C) When obtained, we have indicated family  relationships, birthdates and sources of information.  For  several children, we have indicated U.S. universities  attended in the U.S. in the event the Department wishes to  seek school or drivers license records.  8.  (S/NF)  Targeted individuals    Bonyongwe, Happyton Mabhuya, CIO director  DOB:  November 6, 1960 Internet (confirmed by Embassy visa  files)    Chigwedere, Lillian: Spouse of Aeneas Chigwedere  Confimation of family relationship:  DOB:    Chihuri, Isobel Halima:  Spouse of Augustine Chihuri  Confirmation of family relationship: (from Embassy Vvsa files)  DOB:  April 14, 1974 (from Embassy visa files)    Chihuri, Joni:  Daughter of Augustine Chihuri  Confirmation of family relationship: (from Embassy visa files)  DOB:  April 6, 1978 (from Embassy Visa files)    Chihuri, Ocious Pelonsic: Daughter of Augustine Chihuri  Confirmation of family relationship:  Internet (confirmed by  Embassy visa files)  DOB: December 14, 1983 (U.S. university records) (confirmed  by Embassy visa files)    Chihuri, Ruawage: Son of Augustine Chihuri  Confirmation of family relationship:  Australian Ambassador  DOB:    Chinamasa, Chengatai: Son of Patrick Chinamasa  Confirmation of family relationship:  FSN (confirmed by  Embassy visa files)  DOB: October 25, 1984 (U.S. university records) (confirmed by  Embassy visa files)    Chinamasa, Kangai: Daughter of Patrick Chinamasa  Confirmation of family relationship: FSN (confirmed by  Embassy visa files)  DOB:  June 30, 1980 (from U.S. university records) (confirmed  by Embassy visa files)    Chinamasa, Tinotenda: Son of Patrick Chinamasa  Confirmation of family relationship: FSN (confirmed by  Embassy visa files)  DOB: August 29, 1982 (from U.S. University records)  (confirmed by Embassy visa files)    Chombo, Rudo:  Confirmation of family relationship:  Internet  DOB:    Chombo, Thelma:  Confirmation of family relationship:  Internet (Note:  Ignatius Chombo denied to The Standard newspaper that Thelma  Chombo is his daughter)  DOB:    Dabengwa, Zodwa: Spouse of Dumiso Dabengwa  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Jangara, Thomsen Toddie: ZRP Chief Superintendent for Harare  South  Justification:  He was responsible for a ban on protests  issued in February that prevented the MDC and civil society  from organizing.  This decree was part of a concerted GOZ  effort to suppress political activity directed against the  government.  The GOZ selectively used the Public Order and  Security Act against democratic elements of Zimbabwe to  eliminate its opposition.  While the GOZ claimed that the  opposition committed anti-government violence in justifying  such decrees, these allegations were fabricated by the  government and were proven to be completely false when the  court later dismissed the cases brought against the  opposition activists who had been accused of committing the  alleged acts of violence.  The government has frequently  fabricated incidents of violence attributed to the  opposition, and publicized these allegations in  government-controlled media.  DOB:    Karimanzira, Rungano Priscilla: Spouse of David Karimanzira  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Kaskuwere, Barbara:  Wife of Saviour Kaskuwere  Confirmation of family relationship:  FSN  DOB:    Kechik, Dr. Mahmood Awang  DOB:    Peter Lesabe:  Spouse of Thenjiwe Lesabe  Deceased:  FSN    Mabunda, Musavengana: Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP)  Assistant Commissioner  Justification:  The Law and Order Unit of the ZRP is infamous  for targeting the opposition and organizing arrests,  abductions, torture, and other mistreatment of MDC and civil  society members.  As the Assistant Commissioner of the Law  and Order Unit, Mabunda has had primary responsibility for  the work of the Unit.  On March 11 a number of MDC leaders  were arrested and severely beaten in police custody.  The  released prisoners were immediately taken to the hospital for  treatment of serious injuries they sustained at the hands of  the police.  The international media photographically  recorded the extent of these injuries.  These leaders were  released several days later and no cases have been prosecuted  against them.  Given his position, Mabunda was certainly  aware of post-March 11 beatings and very likely directed  them.  In April, May, and June, over 30 opposition activists  were arrested, detained, and mistreated.  The Law and Order  Unit is believed to have been involved in the targeting of  these individuals.  All were eventually released, some having  spent several months in custody.  Another incident of  brutality occured on July 25, when police beat hundreds of  democratic activists peacefully demonstrating in favor of a  new constitution.  Many civil society leaders were severely  beaten, suffering broken bones and other injuries.  Again,  the Law and Order Unit is believed to have been involved.    DOB:    Mada, Ishmael: Central Intelligence Organization (CIO),  internal branch  Justification:  Mada heads a CIO internal branch team charged  with targeting the MDC for arrest, abduction, and torture.  On March 11 a number of MDC leaders were arrested and  severely beaten in police custody.  The CIO worked with the  Law and Order Unit of the ZRP in targeting the democratic  opposition for arrest and are believed to have participated  in the beatings.  The released prisoners went immediately to  the hospital for treatment of serious injuries they sustained  at the hands of the police.  These leaders were released  several days later and no cases have been prosecuted against  them.  The international media photographically recorded the  extent of these injuries.  Given his position, Mada was  certainly aware of the post-March 11 beatings and very likely  directed them.  Another similar incident of brutality occured  on July 25, when police beat hundreds of democratic activists  peacefully demonstrating in favor of a new constitution.  Many civil society leaders were severely beaten, suffering  broken bones and other injuries.  The CIO is believed to have  been involved in this incident as well.  DOB:  September 23, 1958 (from GRPO files)    Malinga, Ronia: Spouse of Joshua Malinga  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Manyika, Allan Munyaradzi:  son of Elliot Manyika  DOB:  June 23, 1986 (from U.S. university records (confirmed  by Embassy visa files)    Manyika, Belinda:  daughter of Elliot Manyika  DOB:  March 19, 1979 (from U.S. university records)  (confirmed by Embassy Visa files)    Manyika, Joan: Daughter of Elliott Manyika  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Manyika, Linda: Daughter of Elliott Manyika  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Manyika, Maureen: Daughter of Elliott Manyika  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Manyika, Ronald: Son of Elliott Manyika  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Manyonda, Elizabeth: Spouse of Kenneth Manyonda  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Matshalaga, Neddy: Spouse of Obert Matshalaga  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Midzi, Hilda Alice: Spouse of Amos Midzi  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Mugabe, Leo: Son of Sabina Mugabe  Confirmation of family relationship:  FSN  DOB:  February 28, 1959 (from Embassy visa files); (Note:  this DOB differs from that furnished by AF/S, derived from  Internet)    Mugabe, Bellarmine Chattunga: Son of Robert Mugabe  Confirmation of family relationship: Embassy education  contact (confirmed by Embassy visa files)  DOB:  May 26, 1997 (from Embassy visa files)    Mugabe, Bona Nyepudzai Ouma: Daughter of Robert Mugabe  Confirmation of family relationship: Embassy education  contact (confirmed by Embassy visa files)  DOB:  April 16, 1989 (from Embassy visa files)    Mugabe, Robert Tinotenda: Son of Robert Mugabe  Confirmation of family relationship: Embassy education  contact (confirmed by Embassy visa files)  DOB:  February 4, 1992 (from Embassy visa files)    Mutasa, Gertrude: Spouse of Didymus Mutasa  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Muvuti, Samuel Tendi: Head of Grain Marketing Board  Justification:  As the head of the Grain Marketing Board,  Muvuti has been responsible for directing the allocation of  food to affect voting behavior.  Much of rural Zimbabwe has  suffered food shortages over the past seven years.  During  elections in 2002 and 2005, the GMB provided food to villages  with the threat of withholding it if the village did not vote  for Mugabe and other ZANU-PF candidates.  Likewise, the GMB  refused to send food to areas known to support the  opposition.  The use of food has been an effective tool of  the Mugabe regime in obtaining votes illegally.  DOB:  July 6, 1957 Internet (confirmed by Embassy visa files)    Muzariri, Livingston Menard: CIO Deputy Director  Justification:  As CIO Deputy Director, he has full knowledge  of all CIO activities, including abductions, arrests, and  torture of the opposition.  The CIO is believed to be  involved with, and in many cases to have directed, the ZRP in  these activities.  On March 11 a number of MDC leaders were  arrested and severely beaten in police custody.  The CIO  worked with the ZRP in targeting the democratic opposition  for arrest and are believed to have participated in the  beatings.  The released prisoners went immediately to the  hospital for treatment of serious injuries they sustained at  the hands of the police.  These leaders were released several  days later and no cases have been prosecuted against them.  The international media photographically recorded the extent  of these injuries.  Given his position, Muzariri was  certainly aware of the beatings and very likely directed  them.  Another similar incident of brutality occured on July  25, when police beat hundreds of democratic activists  peacefully demonstrating in favor of a new constitution.  Many civil society leaders were severely beaten, suffering  broken bones and other injuries.  The CIO is believed to have  been involved in this incident as well.  DOB:  August 8, 1955 (from GRPO files)    Sadzamari, Tsitsi:  ZRP Chief Superintendent for Mbare  Justification:  Sadzamari is a police official identified as  organizing and playing a central role in intimidation of the  MDC.  She was responsible for a ban on protests issued on  February 23 that prevented the MDC and civil society from  organizing.  This decree was part of a concerted GOZ effort  to suppress political activity directed against the  government.  The GOZ selectively used the Public Order and  Security Act against democratic elements of Zimbabwe to  eliminate its opposition.  While the GOZ claimed that the  opposition committed anti-government violence in justifying  such decrees, these allegations were fabricated by the  government and were proven to be completely false when the  court later dismissed the cases brought against the  opposition activists who had been accused of committing the  alleged acts of violence.  The government has frequently  fabricated incidents of violence attributed to the  opposition, and publicized these allegations in  government-controlled media.  DOB:    Shamuyarira, Dorothy Mabel:  Spouse of Nathan Shamuyarira  Confirmation of family relationship:  DOB:    Sibanda, Phillip:  Commander of Zimbabwean Republic Army  Justification:  Sibanda as head of one of the two branches of  the Zimbabwean defense forces, is a member of the Joint  Operations Command (JOC) which is a policy-making body and  the chief operational body in Zimbabwe.  The JOC, if it was  not in on the planning of the March 11 brutal repression of  MDC leaders, undoubtedly was knowledgeable.  Such acts of  violence, harrassment, and intimidation, have undermined  Zimbabwe's democratic institutions in order the maintain the  authoritarian Mugabe regime's hold on power.  Further, the  Army is the most powerful institution in Zimbabwe.  Without  its support, the regime could not maintain power.  DOB:  December 24, 1954  (from copy of passport in DAO files)    Taveesin, Nalinee:  Citizen of Thailand  DOB:  February 12, 1960 (from U.S. Embassy Bangkok)  (confirmed by DOS visa records)    Tayengwa, Isaac: ZRP Chief Superintendent for Harare Central  District  Justification:  Tayengwa is a police official identified as  organizing and playing a central role in intimidation of the  MDC.  He was responsible for a ban on protests issued on  February 23 that prevented the MDC and civil society from  organizing.  This decree was part of a concerted GOZ effort  to suppress political activity directed against the  government.  The GOZ selectively used the Public Order and  Security Act against democratic elements of Zimbabwe to  eliminate its opposition.  While the GOZ claimed that the  opposition committed anti-government violence in justifying  such decrees, these allegations were fabricated by the  government and were proven to be completely false when the  court later dismissed the cases brought against the  opposition activists who had been accused of committing the  alleged acts of violence.  The government has frequently  fabricated incidents of violence attributed to the  opposition, and publicized these allegations in  government-controlled media.  DOB:    Zharara, Ngwerume: ZRP Chief Superintendent for Harare  Suburban District  Justification: He was responsible for a ban on protests  issued on  February 21 that prevented the MDC and civil  society from organizing a political rally.  This decree was  part of a concerted GOZ effort to suppress political activity  directed against the government.  The GOZ selectively used  the Public Order and Security Act against democratic elements  of Zimbabwe to eliminate its opposition.  While the GOZ  claimed that the opposition committed anti-government  violence in justifying such decrees, these allegations were  fabricated by the government and were proven to be completely  false when the court later dismissed the cases brought  against the opposition activists who had been accused of  committing the alleged acts of violence.  The government has  frequently fabricated incidents of violence attributed to the  opposition, and publicized these allegations in  government-controlled media.  DOB:    8.  (S/NF) Targeted entities    AuriJewel  700 Kinderkamack Rd.  Orodell, New Jersey  07649    390 Fifth Avenue, Suite 804  New York, NY    Jongwe Printing and Publishing Company  14 Austin Road  Harare, Zimbabwe    ZIDCO Holdings  88 Robert Mugabe Road  Harare, Zimbabawe    Grain Marketing Board  Dura Building  179-187 Samora Machel Avenue    9.  (C) Post suggests the Department weigh the relative  merits of placememt of ZRP chief superintendents Jangara,  Sadzamari, and Zhahara on the OFAC list.  These individuals  came to light when their names were published in the  government press after they issued decrees banning  demonstrations.  They are mid-level officials who are not  involved in policy and who carried out orders.  We have no  evidence they have personally ordered violent conduct on the  part of the police.  Our concern, as expressed by our  Regional Security Officer, is that publication of the names  of these individuals as SDNs will jeopardize police  cooperation.  We currently receive limited but useful  cooperation from the ZRP in the protection of premises,  investigation of crimes against Embassy officers, and release  from custody of FSNs who have been arrested in police  dragnets.    10.  (C) Post is open to further suggestions on additional  avenues of information collection of family relationships and  dates of birth given the contraints noted in paragraphs 4 and  5.  DHANANI

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