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Viewing cable 08HARARE1122, ZIM NOTES 12-12-2008
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FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
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RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEHUJA/AMEMBASSY ABUJA 2144
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RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA 1763
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 HARARE 001122
AF/S FOR B. WALCH
ADDIS ABABA FOR USAU
ADDIS ABABA FOR ACSS
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR B.PITTMAN
TREASURY FOR D. PETERS
STATE PASS TO USAID FOR L.DOBBINS AND E.LOKEN
COMMERCE FOR BECKY ERKUL
SUBJECT: ZIM NOTES 12-12-2008
Topics of the week:
- PF-ZAPU Revitalizing Party...
- MDC Holds Strategy Meeting...
- Manyika's Death an Accident?...
- ZANU-PF Conference Delayed...
- Mugabe Says Cholera Stopped...
- Zimbabwe to be Discussed at UNSC...
- EU Adds 11 Names to Sanctions List...
- Harare Sends Team to Investigate Plot in Botswana...
- Government Orders Retailers to Reduce Prices...
- New Z$200 Million Note Issued and Cash Withdrawal Limits
- Wheat Crop Abysmal; Maize to Follow...
- Zimbabwe Introduces Fuel Tax...
- Survival of Stockbrokers Threatened...
- Fall In Platinum Prices Hits Zimplats...
¶2. Price Movements-Exchange Rate
and Selected products
Parallel rate for cash rose seven-fold to Z$70,000,000:US$1
Check rate came down to Z$10 quadrillion:US$1 against inter-bank
average of Z$226,955:US$1
Bread on the parallel market went up to Z$80,000,000
Sugar rose to Z$100,000,000/2kg
Petrol and diesel rose to Z$100,000,000/liter
On the Political/Social Front
¶3. PF-ZAPU Revitalizing Party... The former liberation party
PF-ZAPU is holding a conference in Bulawayo on December 13 and 14 to
establish the party's political structures. PF-ZAPU declared it was
breaking away from ZANU-PF in November and has already publicly
nullified the 1987 Unity Accords that merged the two independence
parties. See Harare 1115.
¶4. MDC Holds Strategy Meeting... The MDC met in Gaborone this week
to discuss strategy. Subsequently, MDC negotiators Tendai Biti and
Elton Mangoma met with South African facilitators to discuss
Amendment 19. There have been no discussions on outstanding issues
such as the equitable distribution of ministries. See Harare 1117.
¶5. Manyika's Death an Accident?... ZANU-PF political commissar
Elliot Manyika died in a car accident last Saturday when his car
suffered a blown tire. In rumor-driven Zimbabwe there is
considerable speculation that this was not in fact an accident.
Manyika was close to Emmerson Mnangagwa and was viewed as a
hardliner who was attempting to reform ZANU-PF party structures in
support of Mnangagwa. Perhaps not coincidentally, his two immediate
predecessors died under similar circumstances. Border Gezi died on
April 28, 2001 when his car skidded of the road. Moven Mahachi died
on May 26, 2001 when his Range Rover also went off the road.
¶6. ZANU-PF Conference Delayed... Party leaders announced that the
ZANU-PF annual conference scheduled for December 10-14 has been
HARARE 00001122 002 OF 003
delayed due to the recent death of Manyika. The conference is now
expected to be postponed until December 19. Despite the party's
explanation for the delay, there is speculation that a lack of funds
is the real cause of the postponement.
¶7. Mugabe Says Cholera Stopped... In a speech on December 11
memorializing Manyika's death, Mugabe stated that the cholera
epidemic had been halted. Meanwhile, the UN has said that cholera
fatalities are approaching 800 with numerous undiagnosed deaths
indicating the actual number likely exceeds 1,000 and rising.
Mugabe's mistaken or deliberately deceptive statement may have been
the cause for the denial of visas to a French team of disease
specialists who had intended to aid in cholera treatments and
¶8. Zimbabwe to be Discussed at UNSC... British Prime Minister
Gordon Brown indicated that he had spoken with UN Secretary General
Ban Ki-moon who told him that the UNSC could meet as early as
December 15 to discuss the deteriorating situation in Zimbabwe.
Brown said that Zimbabwe faced a "humanitarian emergency of colossal
¶9. EU Adds 11 Names to Sanctions List... Following a growing
chorus from world leaders calling for Mugabe to go, the EU added 11
names to their Zimbabwean sanctions list that freezes assets and
bars travel to Europe. The statement also indicated further
sanctions could be imposed depending on events in Zimbabwe. The new
names, described by British foreign secretary David Miliband as
"middle-ranking members of the regime" were added to 168 others on
¶10. Harare Sends Team to Investigate Plot in Botswana... For the
second time in two weeks, Zimbabwe has sent a team of investigators
into Botswana to uncover evidence of a purported plot to train
Zimbabwean dissidents and members of the opposition in tactics that
would lead to the government's overthrow. Botswanan president Ian
Khama has been outspoken that the charges were trumped up by ZANU-PF
and invited SADC to assemble its own investigations team to dispel
On the Economic and Business Front
¶11. Government Orders Retailers to Reduce Prices... The chairman
of the National Incomes and Prices Commission, Godwills
Masimirembwa, ordered retailers on December 9 to reduce prices of
basic commodities to their December 3 levels because the increases
were "not cost based." The wave of price increases that coincided
with the introduction of new higher denomination bank notes last
week was caused by a fivefold fall in the cash value of the Zimbabwe
dollar. It is not yet clear how the order will be enforced in light
of the empty shelves and public outcry that accompanied enforced
price controls in July 2007.
¶12. New Z$200 Million Note Issued and Cash Withdrawal Limits
Raised... The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe introduced a new Z$200
million (Under US$3 at today's cash rate of Z$70 million:US$1) note
and increased the weekly cash withdrawal limit to Z$500 million. In
anticipation of the increase, lines started forming at banks around
8 pm on December 11. Although higher cash withdrawal limits and the
higher denomination bank notes have previously cut bank lines, the
effect is temporary as prices quickly rise.
¶13. Wheat Crop Abysmal; Maize to Follow... Total production for
the 2008 wheat crop was 38,933 metric tons (MT) which reflected an
average yield of 1.2 MT/hectare. These figures are the lowest
recorded for wheat production since 1980. The GOZ has also only
HARARE 00001122 003 OF 003
distributed 5,445 MTs of maize seed out of a specified goal of
12,500 MTs. The humanitarian community distributed an additional 838
MTs of maize seed and/or fertilizer to about 330,000 households.
¶14. Zimbabwe Introduces Fuel Tax... The GOZ introduced a fuel tax
to raise funds for the Zimbabwe National Road Administration to fund
road maintenance. The formula for determining the tax rate is a
complex function of quantities imported and the invoiced purchase
and shipping costs when the fuel arrives in Mutare. The tax will
increase fuel prices to motorists at a time when world oil prices
are falling. In view of the government's widening deficit, there is
no guarantee that the money will go towards road maintenance.
¶15. Survival of Stockbrokers Threatened... There has been no
recent trading activity on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange since reserve
bank governor Gono introduced punitive measures against stockbrokers
and banks that traded on unfunded checks. Most stockbrokers are
busy counting their losses as a number of them were either victims
of fraudulently drawn bank checks or were affected by the market's
¶16. Fall In Platinum Prices Hits Zimplats... Zimplats Holdings
Limited expects to post a loss for the second half of 2008 because
of the 65 percent fall in global platinum prices from a peak of
US$2,300 per ounce in March to US$817 per ounce by December 9, 2008.
The company said it would have to borrow in order to complete the
first phase of the expansion of its Ngezi mine because it failed to
generate enough cash flow for the project.
Quote of the Week
¶17. "This is a bad deal: a very bad deal. I wonder where these
guys were when they signed this deal. Perhaps they were in a
stinking toilet. But even a stinking toilet stops smelling if you
stay in it for a long time." Political analyst John Makumbe on the